This book offers a collection of texts by Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker (1912-2007), a major German universal scientist who was also a pioneer in physics, philosophy, religion on issues of politics and peace research. He worked with Werner Heisenberg and Otto Hahn in the German "Uranverein", obtained a patent for plutonium during World War II and was an opponent of the nuclear armament of the German armed forces (1957). Furthermore, he published a study on the inability to defend Germany (1971) that was instrumental in the debate on defensive defense since the mid 1970s. He wrote on war and peace, peace and truth, policy implications of nuclear energy, on ethical issues of modern strategy, on consequences of war and war prevention and on the theory of power. He coined the term "world domestic policy" which still covers a valid theory for political, institutional secured world peace in the atomic age.
John Pecham (ca.1235-1292) was an influential Franciscan theologian who taught at Paris before serving as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1279 until his death. Pecham is regarded as a founder of "Neo-Augustinianism," a movement concerned with preserving a blend of theological and philosophical positions united under the banner of Augustine but openly adapted from Aristotle, Avicenna, Avicebron, and others. From this broadly Neoplatonic perspective Pecham took part in late-13th-century debates in philosophical anthropology, opposing both radical Aristotelianism and Thomas Aquinas' psychology while remaining committed to his own reading of Aristotle. He represented a viable theological and philosophical perspective in his day, and was involved in major debates with Aquinas and other masters at the university of Paris.It is remarkable that in all of philosophical literature in the Thomist tradition, the great opponent of Aquinas in philosophy and theology, John Pecham, is largely omitted. This book opens the question of Pecham's significance by providing an interpretation of central texts and showing that his philosophical anthropology is based on a distinctive, original synthesis of Neoplatonic metaphysics. This Pechamian anthropology is a significant alternative to that of Aquinas. This book discusses a variety of Pecham texts, with detailed expositions of two: his 'Tractatus De Anima', and the fifth of his 'Quaestiones De Anima'.
This publication intends to show the distinct character of Georgian folk narratives that are as diverse as the country’s geography itself. It offers the translation of the selected myths and folktales, many of which represent the Georgian regional dialect versions and linguistically complicated texts, some of which quite differ from the present-day standard Georgian. Every attempt has been made to preserve the original essence of the texts and the cultural context. The publication includes original translations of forty Georgian folk tales and fifteen myths. The latter are stories representing mythologized chronicles of “holy wars” of old times, once carried out on the border of Europe and Asia by the ancestors of the Georgian highlanders. These mythological narratives may be considered as unparalleled examples of mythologizing real events that have taken place in the past, as well as incomparable representations of demonizing the opponent image. The introduction, notes and glossary of the publication help the reader to better understand the cultural and historical contexts of the traditional Georgian folk narratives.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, first published in 1690, John Locke (1632-1704) provides a complete account of how we acquire everyday, mathematical, natural scientific, religious and ethical knowledge. Rejecting the theory that some knowledge is innate in us, Locke argues that it derives from sense perceptions and experience, as analysed and developed by reason. While defending these central claims with vigorous common sense, Locke offers many incidental – and highly influential – reflections on space and time, meaning, free will and personal identity. The result is a powerful, pioneering work, which, together with Descartes’s works, largely set the agenda for modern philosophy. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. About author(s) John Locke (1632-1704) was educated at Christ Church, Oxford and held various academic posts at that university, lecturing on Greek and rhetoric. However, his interests lay in medicine and the new experimental sciences and in 1667 he became personal physician to the Earl of Shaftesbury. Under the influence of Shaftesbury, Locke developed his ideas on politics, property, trade, monarchy and the mind. Shaftesbury became a bitter opponent of Charles II and was involved in the plot of 1683. This forced Locke to flee in exile to Holland, but he returned after 1688 and began to publish his most famous works. He wrote also on theology, education, and in defence of religous tolerance, while founding the analytic philosophy of the mind.
The Gongsun Longzi is often considered the only extant work of the Classical Chinese "School of Names", an early intellectual tradition (trad. dated to the 4 th cent. B.C.) mainly concerned with logic and the philosophy of language.The Gongsun Longzi is a heterogeneous collection of five chapters that include short treatises and largely fictive dialogues between an anonymous persuader and his opponent, which typically revolve around a paradoxical claim. Its value as a testimony to Early Chinese philosophy, however, is somewhat controversial due to the intricate textual history of the text and our limited knowledge about its intellectual backgrounds.This volume gathers contributions by leading specialists in the fields of Classical Chinese philosophy, philology, logic, and linguistics. Besides an overview of the scholarly literature on the topic and a detailed account of the reception of the text throughout time, it presents fresh insights into philological and philosophical problems raised by the Gongsun Longzi and other closely-related texts equally attributed to the "School of Names".
'War is an act of violence intended to compel our opponent to our will'Writing at the time of Napoleon's greatest campaigns, Prussian soldier and writer Carl von Clausewitz created this landmark treatise on the art of warfare, which presented war as part of a coherent system of political thought. In line with Napoleon's own military actions, Clausewitz illustrated the need to annihilate the enemy and to make a strong display of one's power in an 'absolute war' without compromise. But he was also careful to distinguish between war and politics, arguing that war could only be justified when debate was no longer adequate, and that if undertaken, its aim should ultimately be to improve the wellbeing of the nation. Combining military theory and pratice, On War has had a profound influence on subsequent thinking on warfare.This edition contains a detailed introduction examining Von Clausewitz's skill and reputation as a writer, philosopher and political thinker, as well as bibliography, notes and a glossary.For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.
Here is the first political biography of Baron Franz Maria Thugut, the principal Austrian opponent of the French Revolution. This work explains Thugut's role as the first Austrian statesman seriously to confront the Revolution. In the process it makes significant revisions in the conventional picture of the international system of the period. Originally published in 1987. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
When the undefeated samurai Miyamoto Musashi retreated to a cave in 1643 and wrote The Book of Five Rings, a manifesto on swordsmanship, strategy, and winning for his students and generations of samurai to come, he created one of the most perceptive and incisive texts on strategic thinking ever to come from Asia. Musashi gives timeless advice on defeating an adversary, throwing an opponent off-guard, creating confusion, and other techniques for overpowering an assailant that will resonate with both martial artists and everyone else interested in skillfully dealing with conflict. For Musashi, the way of the martial arts was a mastery of the mind rather than simply technical prowess-and it is this path to mastery that is the core teaching in The Book of Five Rings. William Scott Wilson's translation is faithful to the original seventeenth-century Japanese text while being wonderfully clear and readable. His scholarship and insight into the deep meaning of this classic are evident in his introduction and notes to the text. This edition also includes a translation of one of Musashi's earlier writings, 'The Way of Walking Alone,' and calligraphy by Japanese artist Shiro Tsujimura.
This antiquarian volume contains Lydia Maria Francis Child's 1834 handbook for young girls; 'The Girl's Own Book'. It is a collection of rhymes, songs, games, and projects designed for the young girl during the shift from Georgian to Victorian society. A charming book that can still be of utility to young girls today, 'The Girl's Own Book' would make for a great addition to any family collection, and is not to be missed by the discerning collector. Lydia Maria Francis Child (1802 - 1880) was an American abolitionist, women's rights activist, opponent of American expansionism, Indian rights activist, novelist, and journalist. Many vintage texts such as this are becoming increasingly rare and expensive, and it is with this in mind, that we are republishing this vintage book now in an affordable, modern, high-quality edition. It comes complete with a specially commissioned new biography of the author.