Franz Josef Strauß ist eine der faszinierendsten und zugleich umstrittensten Gestalten der deutschen Nachkriegspolitik. Im Mittelpunkt der Biographie steht die Frage, aus welchen Gründen Strauß trotz seiner überragenden Fähigkeiten niemals Bundeskanzler geworden ist. Daneben widmet sich die Biographie auch wichtigen Ereignissen wie der Rhöndorfer Konferenz, der mysteriösen ´´Spiegel´´-Affäre, der (absichtlich) missverstandenen Sonthofen-Rede, Strauß´ Rolle im ´´Deutschen Herbst´´ und dem geheimnisvollen ´´Milliardenkredit´´. Diese Biographie ist die umfangreichste und umfassendste, die jemals über FJS geschrieben wurde. Sie ist zudem mit wissenschaftlicher Präzision verfasst. Besonders hervorzuheben sind 22 Interviews mit Weggefährten, Familienmitgliedern und Opponenten wie beispielsweise Egon Bahr, Norbert Blüm, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Monika Hohlmeier, Wilfried Scharnagl, Gerd Schmückle, Gerold Tandler, Horst Teltschik, Theo Waigel und Friedrich Zimmermann. Der Leser wird im Verlauf dieses Buches einen anderen, einen neuen Franz Josef Strauß entdecken, wie man ihn bislang nicht kannte - und der Wahrheit über dieses umstrittene Politikerphänomen näher kommen als jemals zuvor.
Fiscal austerity is hugely controversial. Opponents argue that it can trigger downward growth spirals and become self-defeating. Supporters argue that budget deficits have to be tackled aggressively at all times and at all costs. In this masterful book, three of today´s leading policy experts cut through the political noise to demonstrate that there is not one type of austerity but many. Looking at thousands of fiscal measures adopted by sixteen advanced economies since the late 1970s, Austerity assesses the relative effectiveness of tax increases and spending cuts at reducing debt. It shows that spending cuts have much smaller costs in terms of output losses than tax increases. Spending cuts can sometimes be associated with output gains in the case of expansionary austerity and are much more successful than tax increases at reducing the growth of debt. The authors also show that austerity is not necessarily the kiss of death for political careers as is often believed, and provide new insights into the recent cases of European austerity after the financial crisis.
This study presents a nuanced look at the environmental history of the GDR. It looks at both the state agencies and the oppositional environmental groups, questioning the usual interpretations. The image of the GDR as an ecological ´´failed state´´ became deeply implanted in memory during the years 1989/1990. In this volume, Tobias Huff takes as examples the themes of forest protection and air pollution control to write a very different story of environmental protection in the GDR, thereby questioning the usual image of decay. He introduces the reader to the proponents and opponents of active environmental politics in the GDR, analyzes the governmental decision-making structures and uncovers the connections to oppositional environment groups. Huff thus surmounts the usual idea of a complete contrast between the GDR state authorities and environmental groups.
?In the past, for reasons I try to explain, I?ve often felt I had to be careful in public, like I was up on a wire without a net. Now I?m letting my guard down.? ?Hillary Rodham Clinton, from the introduction of What Happened For the first time, Hillary Rodham Clinton reveals what she was thinking and feeling during one of the most controversial and unpredictable presidential elections in history. Now free from the constraints of running, Hillary takes you inside the intense personal experience of becoming the first woman nominated for president by a major party in an election marked by rage, sexism, exhilarating highs and infuriating lows, stranger-than-fiction twists, Russian interference, and an opponent who broke all the rules. This is her most personal memoir yet. In these pages, she describes what it was like to run against Donald Trump, the mistakes she made, how she has coped with a shocking and devastating loss, and how she found the strength to pick herself back up afterward. With humor and candor, she tells readers what it took to get back on her feet?the rituals, relationships, and reading that got her through, and what the experience has taught her about life. She speaks about the challenges of being a strong woman in the public eye, the criticism over her voice, age, and appearance, and the double standard confronting women in politics. She lays out how the 2016 election was marked by an unprecedented assault on our democracy by a foreign adversary. By analyzing the evidence and connecting the dots, Hillary shows just how dangerous the forces are that shaped the outcome, and why Americans need to understand them to protect our values and our democracy in the future. The election of 2016 was unprecedented and historic. What Happened is the story of that campaign and its aftermath?both a deeply intimate account and a cautionary tale for the nation.
Few gave tiny Singapore much chance of survival when it was granted independence in 1965. How is it, then, that today the former British colonial trading post is a thriving Asian metropolis with not only the world´s number one airline, best airport, and busiest port of trade, but also the world´s fourth-highest per capita real income? The story of that transformation is told here by Singapore´s charismatic, controversial founding father, Lee Kuan Yew. Rising from a legacy of divisive colonialism, the devastation of the Second World War, and general poverty and disorder following the withdrawal of foreign forces, Singapore now is hailed as a city of the future. This miraculous history is dramatically recounted by the man who not only lived through it all but who fearlessly forged ahead and brought about most of these changes. Delving deep into his own meticulous notes, as well as previously unpublished government papers and official records, Lee details the extraordinary efforts it took for an island city-state in Southeast Asia to survive at that time. Lee explains how he and his cabinet colleagues finished off the communist threat to the fledgling state´s security and began the arduous process of nation building: forging basic infrastructural roads through a land that still consisted primarily of swamps, creating an army from a hitherto racially and ideologically divided population, stamping out the last vestiges of colonial-era corruption, providing mass public housing, and establishing a national airline and airport. In this illuminating account, Lee writes frankly about his trenchant approach to political opponents and his often unorthodox views on human rights, democracy, and inherited intelligence, aiming always ´´to be correct, not politically correct.´´ Nothing in Singapore escaped his watchful eye: whether choosing shrubs for the greening of the country, restoring the romance of the historic Raffles Hotel, or openly, unabashedly persuading young men to marry women as well educated as themselves. Today´s safe, tidy Singapore bears Lee´s unmistakable stamp, for which he is unapologetic: ´´If this is a nanny state, I am proud to have fostered one.´´ Though Lee´s domestic canvas in Singapore was small, his vigor and talent assured him a larger place in world affairs. With inimitable style, he brings history to life with cogent analyses of some of the greatest strategic issues of recent times and reveals how, over the years, he navigated the shifting tides of relations among America, China, and Taiwan, acting as confidant, sounding board, and messenger for them. He also includes candid, sometimes acerbic pen portraits of his political peers, including the indomitable Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan, the poetry-spouting Jiang Zemin, and ideologues George Bush and Deng Xiaoping. Lee also lifts the veil on his family life and writes tenderly of his wife and stalwart partner, Kwa Geok Choo, and of their pride in their three children -- particularly the eldest son, Hsien Loong, who is now Singapore´s deputy prime minister. For more than three decades, Lee Kuan Yew has been praised and vilified in equal measure, and he has established himself as a force impossible to ignore in Asian and international politics. From Third World to First offers readers a compelling glimpse into this visionary´s heart, soul, and mind.
Der vorliegende Band versammelt erstmals sämtliche Briefe und Postkarten, die der deutsch-jüdische Schriftsteller, Philosoph und ´´Antipolitiker´´ Gustav Landauer (1870-1919) an seinen acht Jahre jüngeren Freund und politischen Weggefährten Erich Mühsam (1878-1934) gerichtet hat. Ergänzt werden diese Texte durch die wenigen Briefe Mühsams, die erhalten sind, ferner durch Auszüge aus seinem Tagebuch, in denen Mühsam gemeinsame Pläne und Begegnungen reflektiert, sowie durch Aufsätze über Landauers Person und Werk. Auf diese Weise lässt sich - unter Hinzuziehung des kenntnisreichen und präzisen Kommentars - der Dialog zweier Opponenten des wilhelminischen Staates, aber auch einer zahnlos gewordenen Sozialdemokratie von seinen Anfängen in der Berliner ´´Neuen Gemeinschaft´´ bis zur Beteiligung an der bayerischen Räteregierung nachverfolgen. Eine verständlich geschriebene Einleitung erhellt die Freundschaft dieser beiden durchaus ´´verschiedenen Naturen´´: Während Landauer sich zu Proudhon hingezogen fühlte, identifiziert Mühsam sich mit Bakunin.