From Plato to NATO:The Idea of the West and Its Opponents David Gress
´´I know that I am intelligent because I know that I know nothing.´´ - Socrates Ancient Greece has laid way for some of the most influential people, systems and stories of our civilization. It is hard to believe on one hand because technology-wise the Greeks were very primitive, yet on the other hand they were essentially on of the earliest roots of Western civilization. Even today logic and argument are taught as one of the most effective skills to possess. Many people can say something is logical or illogical without really understanding the principle behind it but this is an age-old problem and one that three mastered in Ancient Greece. The system of argument was really formalized in Ancient Greek culture. People would gather around to see arguments then, like we would to see a sporting event today. The difference between sports is that you weren´t playing for touchdowns but instead playing to cement philosophical systems. The only way to win was to break an argument down logically and prove your opponent wrong. This was such a popular event that some of their names are even remembered now. When we consider the people of Ancient Greece though, there are four that come to mind, who are Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Alexander (the Great). Of the four of them, perhaps the most is known of Aristotle and Alexander, but the interesting thing is the connection that these four have as teacher and pupil. If you connect the relationships beginning with Alexander you will see that he was Aristotle´s student, who attended Plato´s school and Plato was one of the major students of Socrates. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Michael Strader. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/031431/bk_acx0_031431_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
A leading American philosopher brings the tools of his trade to contentious contemporary debates. How can we have meaningful debates with political opponents? How can we distinguish reliable science from overhyped media reports? How can we talk sensibly about God? In What Philosophy Can Do, Gary Gutting takes a philosopher´s scalpel to modern life´s biggest questions and the most powerful forces in our society - politics, science, religion, education, and capitalism - to show how we can improve our discussions of contentious contemporary issues. Gutting introduces listeners to powerful analytic tools in the philosopher´s arsenal that they can use to make new sense of current debates. One such tool is a crucial distinction between inductive and deductive reasoning that explains why both sides on a disputed issue often are sure they have compelling cases for their views. Another is the principle of charity, which requires opposing parties to present each other´s arguments in their strongest forms - a tool that would make critiques both more respectful and more effective. Gutting also shows how concepts introduced by philosophers from Plato and Aristotle to Michel Foucault and John Rawls can clarify public discussions about morality, the economy, and medicine. From informed assessments of scientific claims to careful analyses of arguments for and against religious belief, Gutting brings a calm, clearheaded approach to some of the most divisive issues on the table today. He scrutinizes our relationships to work and freedom in capitalism; our modern understanding of happiness and the good life; the value of liberal arts education and the humanities; the role of science and politics in shaping public policy today; and the value of art and popular culture. Perhaps most meaningfully, Gutting shows how we can talk about our own deepest beliefs clearly and directly while listening to what others have to say to us. What Philosophy Can Do makes... 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kevin Pariseau. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/025064/bk_adbl_025064_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.