Thomas Jefferson and Slavery - Was He Really an Opponent of the Institution?: Franziska Massner
Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in and interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. Its authority and stature are routinely invoked by voices from every point on the political spectrum, with frequent references to the Founding Fathers and their true ´´intent.´´ What really was their true intent? As these 12 surprising lectures show, many of those Founding Fathers - including Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry - were highly critical of the new Constitution and staunchly opposed it when it was first put forth for ratification by the states as a replacement for the Articles of Confederation. The debate over the Constitution raged for the better part of two years, and beneath its rhetorical flourishes lay not only the longest and most profound civic argument in our nation´s history, but also a civics lesson that deserves to endure for all time. It was an argument that would result not only in the ratification of the Constitution, but also in what that Constitution would become. Professor Pangle takes you into this debate. You´ll see which Founders opposed the new Constitution, which Founders led the battle for it, and how both sides helped define the result. In an era when contemporary arguments on the national stage so often mirror the same conflicts debated by the Founders, our own reenactment of that original debate can enrich our ability to be active and participating citizens. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Thomas L. Pangle. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tcco/000112/bk_tcco_000112_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
John Adams was the leading political figure from New England during the American Revolution, the Constitutional Conventions, and the early presidential races. John Adams was on the Committee of Five chartered to draft the Declaration of Independence. He led the movement to appoint Thomas Jefferson as the drafter of the Declaration, helped steer the draft through the political groups established to review it, and forever after proclaimed it to be the leading document in American history. Likewise, Adams worked closely with James Madison to draft the Constitution and get it approved by the Constitutional Convention. For his service, John Adams was selected as the first vice president of the United States, serving under George Washington. After Washington retired after two terms, John Adams became the second president of the United States and later lost the election of 1800 by a whisker, to his long time friend and political ally/opponent Thomas Jefferson. This recording was done by Sam Goodyear, who regularly appears in plays about Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Abigail Adams in which they review their lives together just before both Adams and Jefferson died - on the same day, July 4, 1826 - 50 years after the Declaration of Independence was released. The Adams/Jefferson letters are considered the outstanding political correspondence of that time. Mr. Goodyear´s performance attests to that conclusion. This audiobook also features a reading of the Declaration of Independence, a document dear to Mr. Adams. A brief biography of John Adams is also narrated by Mr. Goodyear. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Sam Goodyear. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/smag/000053/bk_smag_000053_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
In 1803, the president of the United States, Jefferson, decided to send an expedition to explore their huge territory. The two men in charge, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, had several missions including mapping the territory, establishing contact with local tribes and making the inventory of the encountered animal and vegetal species.In this new opus of Lewis & Clark, you play these explorers and try to learn as much as possible about your country. Your men, and those of your opponents, are represented by some dice. Make the best of them!
The American Revolution is often portrayed as a high-minded, orderly event whose capstone, the Constitution, provided the ideal framework for a democratic, prosperous nation. Alan Taylor, two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize, gives us a different creation story in this magisterial history of the nation´s founding. Rising out of the continental rivalries of European empires and their native allies, Taylor´s Revolution builds like a ground fire overspreading Britain´s mainland colonies, fueled by local conditions, destructive, hard to quell. Conflict ignited on the frontier, where settlers clamored to push west into Indian lands against British restrictions, and in the seaboard cities, where commercial elites mobilized riots and boycotts to resist British tax policies. When war erupted, patriot crowds harassed loyalists and nonpartisans into compliance with their cause. Brutal guerrilla violence flared all along the frontier, from New York to the Carolinas, fed by internal divisions as well as the clash with Britain. Taylor skillfully draws France, Spain, and native powers into a comprehensive narrative of the war that delivers the major battles, generals, and common soldiers with insight and power. With discord smoldering in the fragile new nation through the 1780s, nationalist leaders such as James Madison and Alexander Hamilton sought to restrain unruly state democracies and consolidate power in a federal Constitution. Assuming the mantle of ´´we the people´´, the advocates of national power ratified the new frame of government. But their opponents prevailed in the presidency of Thomas Jefferson, whose vision of a Western ´´empire of liberty´´ aligned with the long-standing, expansive ambitions of frontier settlers. White settlement and black slavery spread west, setting the stage for a civil war that nearly destroyed the union created by the founders. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Mark Bramhall. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/rand/004762/bk_rand_004762_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This panoramic book tells the story of how revolutionary ideas from the Enlightenment about freedom, equality, evolution, and democracy have reverberated through modern history and shaped the world as we know it today. A testament to the enduring power of ideas, The Shape of the New offers unforgettable portraits of Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Charles Darwin, and Karl Marx - heirs of the Enlightenment who embodied its highest ideals about progress - and shows how their thoughts, over time and in the hands of their followers and opponents, transformed the very nature of our beliefs, institutions, economies, and politics. Yet these ideas also hold contradictions. They have been used in the service of brutal systems such as slavery and colonialism, been appropriated and twisted by monsters like Stalin and Hitler, and provoked reactions against the Enlightenment´s legacy by Islamic Salafists and the Christian Religious Right. The Shape of the New argues that it is impossible to understand the ideological and political conflicts of our own time without familiarizing ourselves with the history and internal tensions of these world-changing ideas. With passion and conviction, it exhorts us to recognize the central importance of these ideas as historical forces and pillars of the Western humanistic tradition. It makes the case that to read the works of the great thinkers is to gain invaluable insights into the ideas that have shaped how we think and what we believe. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Stephen McLaughlin. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/023565/bk_adbl_023565_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
In Charles River Editors´ History for Kids series, your children can learn about history´s most important people and events in an easy, entertaining, and educational way. The concise but comprehensive book will keep your kid´s attention all the way to the end. The American Revolution had no shortage of compelling characters with seemingly larger than life traits, including men like the multi-talented Benjamin Franklin, the wise Thomas Jefferson, the mercurial John Adams, and the stoic George Washington. But no Revolutionary leader has been as controversial as Samuel Adams, who has been widely portrayed over the last two centuries as America´s most radical and fiery colonist. Among his contemporaries, Adams was viewed as one of the most influential colonial leaders, a man Thomas Jefferson himself labeled ´´truly the Man of the Revolution´´ and the one who the Boston Gazette eulogized as the ´´Father of the American Revolution.´´ Adams was an outspoken opponent of British taxes in the 1760s, one of Boston´s hardest working writers and orators, a leader of the Boston Caucus, active in the Sons of Liberty, and a political leader who organized large gatherings in settings like Faneuil Hall and the Old South Meeting House. When cousin John Adams was an Ambassador to France during the Revolution, he had to explain that he was not the ´´famous´´ Adams. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Tracey Norman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/096577/bk_acx0_096577_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
In the two decades before the Civil War, free Americans engaged in history wars every bit as ferocious as those waged today over the proposed National History Standards or the commemoration at the Smithsonian Institution of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. In One Nation Divided by Slavery, author Michael F. Conlin investigates the different ways antebellum Americans celebrated civic holidays, read the Declaration of Independence, and commemorated Revolutionary War battles, revealing much about their contrasting views of American nationalism. While antebellum Americans agreed on many elements of national identity in particular that their republic was the special abode of liberty on earth, they disagreed on the role of slavery. The historic truths that many of the founders were slaveholders who had doubts about the morality of slavery, and that all 13 original states practiced slavery to some extent in 1776, offered plenty of ambiguity for Americans to remember selectively. Fire-Eaters defended Jefferson, Washington, and other leading patriots as paternalistic slaveholders, if not positive good apologists for the institution, who founded a slaveholding republic. In contrast, abolitionists cited the same slaveholders as opponents of bondage, who took steps to end slavery and establish a free republic. Moderates in the North and the South took solace in the fact that the North had managed to end slavery in its own way through gradual emancipation while allowing the South to continue to practice slavery. They believed that the founders had established a nation that balanced free and slave labor. Because the American Revolution and the American Civil War were pivotal and crucial elements in shaping the United States, the intertwined themes in One Nation Divided By Slavery provide a new lens through which to view American history and national identity. The book is published by The Kent State University Press. 1. Language: English. Narrator: James K. White. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/072121/bk_acx0_072121_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Thomas Jefferson praised Tom Paine as the greatest political writer of the age. The author of Common Sense and Rights of Man, Paine helped make revolutions in America and France. But beyond his inspiring calls to action, Paine harbored a deeper political vision for his adopted country. It was embodied in an architectural project that he spent decades planning: an iron bridge to span the Schuylkill River at Philadelphia. The bridge was Paine´s answer to the political puzzle of the new nation: how to sustain a republic as large and geographically fragmented as the United States. Among its patrons were other giants of the time, including Benjamin Franklin and Edmund Burke, Paine´s ideological opponent. Set against the background of the American Revolution, the story of his iron bridge reveals a new Tom Paine and connects this revolutionary to the vast program of internal improvements that soon transformed America. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Tom Perkins. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/high/001074/bk_high_001074_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Andrew Jackson has the dubious honor of being the first President to have an assassination attempt made upon his life. Picture this: 63-year-old Andrew Jackson is walking across the Capitol Rotunda. Richard Lawrence, an unemployed house painter, moves to the front of the crowd. He fires two pistol shots into the President. By luck, both pistols misfire. The aging Jackson charges the attempted assassin, beating him to the ground with his cane. Jackson was no stranger to death or weapons. In his lifetime he fought three duels, faced down the Creek Indians, and ultimately fought the final battle of the War of 1812 at New Orleans. Thomas Jefferson wrote: I feel very much alarmed at the prospect of seeing General Jackson President. He is one of the most unfit men I know of for the place. He has had very little respect for laws or constitutions, and is, in fact, an able military chief. His passions are terrible. He has been much tried since I knew him, but he is a dangerous man. During the 1828 Presidential campaign Jackson´s opponents took to calling him jackass. Being the bad-ass he was Jackson liked the idea, and used it as his own for a while. Years later the donkey was adopted as the symbol of the Democratic Party. This short guide will tell you all you need to know to understand the Jacksonian Era in America... even if you know absolutely nothing about the South Carolina Nullifiers, the National Bank Crisis, or Indian Removal. In less than an hour, you´ll learn all you need to know to impress your friends about Andrew Jackson, the Battle of New Orleans, the Creek and Seminole Indian Wars, and more. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Richard Rieman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/028692/bk_acx0_028692_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.