High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Rudolf I of Bavaria (German: Rudolf I., Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, October 4, 1274 August 12, 1319), a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty, was Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine (1294 1317). Rudolf was the son of Louis II, Duke of Upper Bavaria, and Matilda, a daughter of King Rudolph I. Rudolf was born in Basel. He succeeded his father in 1294 and supported his father-in-law king Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg against his uncle, the Habsburg Albert of Austria. After Adolf's death Rudolf joined Albert's party but the strong dynastic policy of the new king caused a new conflict. Since Albert put pressure on Rudolf he had to accept his younger brother Louis IV as co-regent in 1301. After Albert's assassination in 1308 Rudolf voted for Henry of Luxemburg and then accompanied the new king to Italy. A civil war against his brother Louis IV due to new disputes on the partition of their lands was ended in 1313, when peace was made at Munich. Louis IV was elected German king in 1314 but Rudolf had voted for his opponent Frederick of Austria.