Jews, Gentiles, and the Opponents of Paul: B. J. Oropeza
Jews, Gentiles, and the Opponents of Paul:Apostasy in the New Testament Communities, Volume 2: The Pauline Letters B. J. Oropeza
Sixteenth-century Reformation Europe was a tumultuous time during which many defining ideas of the modern era were formulated. The technological advancement augured by the Gutenberg press allowed the unprecedented circulation of ideas among a growing legion of literate Europeans. The writings of radical reformer Martin Luther were perhaps most influential of all. His opposition to the universal Roman Catholic Church fundamentally challenged the elites and their institutions. Along the way, Luther was opposed by the Church, the political powers of the day, and competing religious ideologies. Ink Against the Devil distills the major impulses from these debates that continue to resonate to this day. This book will appeal to both lay and professional scholars of the Reformation and its major players with prose that is accessible and free of jargon. Loewen directly addresses the debates between Luther and his many foes, including Humanists like Erasmus and the sectarian opponents found among contemporary Jews, Muslims, and Christians. Of particular interest will be a focus on anti-semitism throughout Luthers published writings and sermons. There may be no other examples of this books scope in such a natural, narrative presentation. Dr. Harry Loewen was the founding Chair of Mennonite Studies at University of Winnipeg. During his tenure overseeing the chair, he also founded The Journal of Mennonite Studies (1983) which continues the vibrant dialogue regarding issues related to Mennonite history, culture, and literature.
Hitler´s rise to power, Germany´s march to the abyss, as seen through the eyes of Americans - diplomats, military, expats, visiting authors, Olympic athletes - who watched horrified and up close. By tapping a rich vein of personal testimonies, Hitlerland offers a gripping narrative full of surprising twists - and a startlingly fresh perspective on this heavily dissected era. Some of the Americans in Weimar and then Hitler´s Germany were merely casual observers, others deliberately blind; a few were Nazi apologists. But most slowly began to understand the horror of what was unfolding, even when they found it difficult to grasp the breadth of the catastrophe. Among the journalists, William Shirer, Edgar Mowrer, and Dorothy Thompson were increasingly alarmed. Consul General George Messersmith stood out among the American diplomats because of his passion and courage. Truman Smith, the first American official to meet Hitler, was an astute political observer and a remarkably resourceful military attaché. Historian William Dodd, whom FDR tapped as ambassador in Hitler´s Berlin, left disillusioned; his daughter Martha scandalized the embassy with her procession of lovers from her initial infatuation with Nazis she took up with. She ended as a Soviet spy. On the scene were George Kennan, who would become famous as the architect of containment; Richard Helms, who rose to the top of the CIA; Howard K. Smith, who would one day coanchor the ABC Evening News. The list of prominent visitors included writers Sinclair Lewis and Thomas Wolfe, famed aviator Charles Lindbergh, the great athlete Jesse Owens, newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst, and black sociologist and historian W.E.B. Dubois. Observing Hitler and his movement up close, the most perceptive of these Americans helped their reluctant countrymen begin to understand the nature of Nazi Germany as it ruthlessly eliminated political opponents, instilled hatred of Jews and anyo... 1. Language: English. Narrator: Robert Fass. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/004067/bk_adbl_004067_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Österreichische Einwanderung in die USA Die vorliegende Publikation beleuchtet das Thema der Migration von Österreichern in die USA genauer, das bis heute ein immer noch sehr unerforschtes Gebiet ist. Seit kurzer Zeit erlebt die Forschung allerdings einen neuen Aufschwung, es herrscht großes Interesse vor allem in der Biografieforschung. Die vorliegenden Beiträge basieren auf einer Tagung, die im Juni 2015 in Wien zum gleichnamigen Thema stattgefunden hat. Es handelt sich hauptsächlich um Fallstudien über emigrierte Österreicher, die ihre Heimat aus wirtschaftlichen, politischen oder karrieretechnischen Gründen verlassen haben. Alle mussten sich mit einer schwierigen Einwanderungspolitik der USA auseinandersetzen, trotzdem ist den meisten von ihnen eine erfolgreiche Integration in die amerikanische Gesellschaft gelungen. ************************************************************************************** The essays in this book argue that the United States served as a great attraction for economic betterment to Austrian migrants before and World War I; yet a third of these migrants actually remigrated. Remigration was less likely after World War I as the economic situation deteriorated in Europe and the political situation landscape became desperate for Jews and the opponents of the Hitler regime. Most of the Austrians migrating to the U.S. in the World War II era stayed. For the roughly 30,000 Jews who had been brutally kicked out of their homes after the Anschluss and managed to snag immigration papers to the U.S., returning to desperately poor and still anti-Semitic Austria was not an option. These case studies show that integrating and assimilating into the American mainstream often was a difficult process that might take two generations. Many of the intellectuals and academics never fully felt at home in the U.S. as they viewed American culture shallow and American values too materialistic. Der Herausgeber: Günter Bischof ist Univ.-Prof. an der University of New Orleans und Direktor des dort ansässigen CenterAustria. Von 1982 bis 1989 studierte Bischof an der Harvard University und schloss mit einem PhD in amerikanischer Geschichte ab. Er gilt als Amerikaexperte und ist Autor unzähliger Publikationen. The Editor: Günter Bischof, born 1953, is the Marshall Plan Professor of History, a University Research Professor, and the Director of Center Austria: The Marshall Plan Center for European Studies at the University of New Orleans.
History for busy people. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party. Hitler was intent on the supremacy of the Aryan race and persecution of the Jews, which affected every citizen living in Germany at the time. Learn just how and why the Nazi’s rose to power in just one hour. Listen to this bite size audiobook about Hitler´s experience as a soldier during World War One, the Nazi Party´s climb to power, the elimination of their political opponents and the Weimar constitution. Learn about life in Nazi Germany, for women, the family, the Jews, and the use of state control, propaganda and security. See how Hitler manipulated foreign policy to achieve his aims, and how he brought the world into war.Nazi Germany in an Hour tell you everything you need to know about Germany under Nazi rule, in just one hour.Love your history? Find out about the world with History in an Hour… 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jonathan Keeble. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/hcuk/000985/bk_hcuk_000985_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
An audiobook in Tamil.A monster among men. Proof that one madman can bring the whole world to the brink of destruction. What a bundle of contradictions he was! Non-smoker, tea-totaller, artist, engineer, gifted orator, born leader, unremitting dictator. The leader of the Third Reich was an extraordinary individual, of extraordinary qualities and extraordinary cruelty.Holocaust, pogrom, genocide: synonymous with Hitler and his unspeakable Nazis. Hitler´s hatred for the Jews led to the Second World War. He conquered Europe in a massive operation that drove fear into his mightiest opponents: England and France. But these great nations knew how to overcome fear and fight the enemy - by shedding blood, sweat, and tears. And when America joined the Allies, the combination proved too strong for the Axis. Good, for once, triumphed over Evil.Why did Hitler hate the Jews? When does a nationalist turn into a dictator? Why is Hitler an enduring figure in history, studied and dissected again and again? Did Germany really become a super power under Hitler? What attracts contemporary groups like the neo Nazis to Hitler?Find the answers to all these questions and more from this audiobook, based on Pa. Raghavan´s skilful, incisive writing. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Abdul Jabbar. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/newh/000006/bk_newh_000006_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Palestinian laywer and writer Raja Shehadeh and Israeli correspondent Yossi Klein Halevi on this edition of Fresh Air. Raja Shehadeh´s latest book is Strangers in the House: Coming of Age in Occupied Palestine. He is a founder of the nonpartisan human rights organization Al-Haq, an affiliate of the International Commission of Jurists, and author of several books about international law, human rights and the Middle East. Shehadeh lives in Ramallah. Yossi Klein Halevi is the Israeli correspondent for The New Republic magazine. He was born and raised in New York City. He´s lived in Jerusalem since 1982. His book Memoirs of Jewish Extremist: An American Story is about his years first as a follower and then as an opponent of Rabbi Meir Kahane. His latest book is A the Entrance to the Garden of Eden: A Jew´s Search for God With Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land. (Broadcast Date: February 6, 2002) 1. Language: English. Narrator: Terry Gross. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/rt/whyy/020206/rt_whyy_020206_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
One of the most controversial books in history, Toledot Yeshu recounts the life story of Jesus from a negative and anti-Christian perspective. It ascribes to Jesus an illegitimate birth, a theft of the Ineffable Name of God, heretical activities, and, finally, a disgraceful death. Perhaps for centuries, the Toledot Yeshu circulated orally until it coalesced into various literary forms. Although the dates of these written compositions remain obscure, some early hints of a Jewish counter-history of Jesus can be found in the works of pagan and Christian authors of Late Antiquity, such as Celsus, Justin, and Tertullian. In the Middle Ages, the book became the object and tool of a most acrimonious controversy. Jews, Christians, and atheists - such as Ibn Shaprut, Luther, and Voltaire - quoted and commented on Toledot Yeshu , trying to disprove the beliefs of their opponents and revealing their own prejudices. Due to the offensive nature of the book, scholars have until recently paid little attention to Toledot Yeshu . In 2007, Peter Schäfer launched a project at Princeton University to prepare a scholarly edition with translation and commentary based on all the available manuscripts (about 150). Along with this project, Peter Schäfer, Michael Meerson, and Yaacov Deutsch organized an international conference, attended by the leading scholars of the subject, to discuss the present state of research. The conference contributions, published in this volume, mark a new stage in Toledot Yeshu research.
The Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE is arguably the most important event in Jewish history. First, it was the central battle in the First Jewish-Roman war. Second, the failure of the siege on the Jewish side resulted in the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem, a disaster that would eventually prove both permanent and catastrophic, since it was never rebuilt. Third, it permanently altered the diaspora of Judaism in the ancient world. Fourth, because it was indecisive in breaking the power of the Jewish revolt permanently, it was also inconclusive and led to further, inevitable revolts that broke Judean identity completely. It was not the first time the Romans had conquered the capital of the kingdom, nor was it the first time Jerusalem had been sacked by a foreign power. It was unusual for the Romans, however, because it was not the final act that such a conquest generally was. With few exceptions, such as the Carthaginians and the Celts, the Romans had not encountered an opponent who refused to remain defeated. Roman generals and governors found this stubborn resistance unnerving and that may have contributed to an increased cruelty toward the local Jewish population, not that the Romans generally required an excuse to be brutal. To the Romans´ bewilderment, the Jews were absolutely, adamantly opposed to worshiping any deity above God (in the universal form of Yahweh), or even alongside or beneath God. At this point in their theological history, the Jews had become strict monotheists. Worshiping the Emperor as a deity would imperil their immortal souls. Therefore, they absolutely refused to do this and were willing to die for their faith. The Jewish refusal to tolerate the cult of the emperor in their main place of worship was a direct challenge to Roman political power. The Roman refusal to recognize Jewish monotheism was a direct challenge to Jewish theology. The clash of ideologies would result in many casualties. Josephus, a primary... 1. Language: English. Narrator: Colin Fluxman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/078320/bk_acx0_078320_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.