Thomas Jefferson and Slavery - Was He Really an Opponent of the Institution?: Franziska Massner
Thomas Jefferson and Slavery - Was He Really an Opponent of the Institution?: Franziska Massner
Essay from the year 2015 in the subject Sociology - Gender Studies, , course: Political Philosophy, language: English, abstract: Like any controversial topic, introduction of same-sex marriages has engendered multiple arguments - both in favor and against it - which come from various spheres of social life, from religion to law. For instance, a debatabase website ProCons.org contains 15 arguments for and 13 ones against same-sex marriages ; and one can imagine that the actual number of all possible arguments is by far not limited even to this quantity. People who have not gone deep into this debate might wonder why this topic is disputable: seemingly, legalization of same-sex marriages is for the benefit of LGBT people, while it does not anyhow harm straight people, therefore, it should leave the latter ones either positive (as satisfaction of other peoples needs somehow brings harmony and friendship to the entire society), or, at least, indifferent (as same-sex marriages are not related to heterosexuals in any way). Speaking in terms of biology, the relationship between gay and straight people on the issue of same-sex marriages can, at the first glance, be viewed as commensalism: one organism turns the relationship to its advantage while the other one is neither better off, nor worse off. Yet, taking a closer look at the debate allows us to understand that both proponents and opponents of gay marriages would strongly disagree with my commensalism assumption: Amongst the likeliest effects of gay marriage is to take us down a slippery slope to legalized polygamy and polyamory (group marriage). Marriage will be transformed into a variety of relationship contracts, linking two, three, or more individuals (however weakly and temporarily) in every conceivable combination of male and female (Kurtz 2003). The announcement I made last week about my views on marriage equality -- same principle. The basic idea -- I want everybody treated fairly in this country. We have never gone wrong when we expanded rights and responsibilities to everybody. That doesnt weaken families; that strengthens families. Its the right thing to do (President Barack Obama, The View TV show, 14 May 2012). Although the two opinions oppose each other, there is one thing they have in common: they both imply that expanding the right to marry to homosexual couples would affect the institutions of family and marriage themselves, either positively or negatively. [...]
Structuring Conflict in the Arab World:Incumbents, Opponents, and Institutions Ellen Lust-Okar
This panoramic book tells the story of how revolutionary ideas from the Enlightenment about freedom, equality, evolution, and democracy have reverberated through modern history and shaped the world as we know it today. A testament to the enduring power of ideas, The Shape of the New offers unforgettable portraits of Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Charles Darwin, and Karl Marx - heirs of the Enlightenment who embodied its highest ideals about progress - and shows how their thoughts, over time and in the hands of their followers and opponents, transformed the very nature of our beliefs, institutions, economies, and politics. Yet these ideas also hold contradictions. They have been used in the service of brutal systems such as slavery and colonialism, been appropriated and twisted by monsters like Stalin and Hitler, and provoked reactions against the Enlightenment´s legacy by Islamic Salafists and the Christian Religious Right. The Shape of the New argues that it is impossible to understand the ideological and political conflicts of our own time without familiarizing ourselves with the history and internal tensions of these world-changing ideas. With passion and conviction, it exhorts us to recognize the central importance of these ideas as historical forces and pillars of the Western humanistic tradition. It makes the case that to read the works of the great thinkers is to gain invaluable insights into the ideas that have shaped how we think and what we believe. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Stephen McLaughlin. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/023565de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Few Imperial institutions command more fear than the Imperial Security Bureau. The man you pass on your way to work or the talkative woman in the cantina could be an informer. You cannot trust anyone, and in this atmosphere of stifling fear, few dare to speak of rebellion. Enforce the status quo and punish sedition in your games of Imperial Assault with the help of the ISB Infiltrators Villain Pack.This Villain Pack adds new materials to all of your campaigns and skirmish games with a new three-card Agenda set, new Command cards, additional Deployment cards, and brand-new missions for your campaigns and skirmishes. Prepare to put the fear of the Empire in your opponents!This figure pack includes two sculpted plastic figure depicting ISB Infiltrators ready for action.
Institutions do not decide whom to destroy or to kill, whether to make peace or war; those decisions are the responsibility of individuals.This book argues that the most important aspect of conflict resolution is for antagonists to understand their opponents, their ambitions, their pains. Gabrielle Rifkind and Giandomenico Pico present two very different experiences of international relations - Rifkind as a psychotherapist now iersed in the politics of the Middle East, and Picco as a career diplomat with a successful record as a negotiator at the UN. Developing links between psychology and politics, the authors ask: should we talk to the enemy? What happens if the protagonists are nasty and brutish, tempting policy-makers to retaliate? How do nations find the capacity not to hit back, trapping themselves in endless cycles of violence? Presenting a unique combination of psychological theories, geopolitical realities and first-hand peace-making experience, this book sheds new light on some of the worst conflicts in the modern world and demonstrates, above all, how empathy can often be far more persuasive than the most fearsome weapons.
In the two decades before the Civil War, free Americans engaged in history wars every bit as ferocious as those waged today over the proposed National History Standards or the commemoration at the Smithsonian Institution of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. In One Nation Divided by Slavery, author Michael F. Conlin investigates the different ways antebellum Americans celebrated civic holidays, read the Declaration of Independence, and commemorated Revolutionary War battles, revealing much about their contrasting views of American nationalism. While antebellum Americans agreed on many elements of national identity in particular that their republic was the special abode of liberty on earth, they disagreed on the role of slavery. The historic truths that many of the founders were slaveholders who had doubts about the morality of slavery, and that all 13 original states practiced slavery to some extent in 1776, offered plenty of ambiguity for Americans to remember selectively. Fire-Eaters defended Jefferson, Washington, and other leading patriots as paternalistic slaveholders, if not positive good apologists for the institution, who founded a slaveholding republic. In contrast, abolitionists cited the same slaveholders as opponents of bondage, who took steps to end slavery and establish a free republic. Moderates in the North and the South took solace in the fact that the North had managed to end slavery in its own way through gradual emancipation while allowing the South to continue to practice slavery. They believed that the founders had established a nation that balanced free and slave labor. Because the American Revolution and the American Civil War were pivotal and crucial elements in shaping the United States, the intertwined themes in One Nation Divided By Slavery provide a new lens through which to view American history and national identity. The book is published by The Kent State University Press. 1. Language: English. Narrator: James K. White. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/072121de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This enlightening book offers a comprehensive historical analysis of the main development challenges of the last half century and the international community´s response through aid and trade. Much has happened: the oil crises of the 1970s, the debt crises of the 1980s, the break-up of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, the Millennium Development Goals, the onslaught of Globalization and the rise of its opponents since the financial crisis of the 2000s. Through it all, development has spread and global poverty declined. The volume assesses the contributions and coherence of developing and developed country policies and the role played by global institutions entrusted with responsibilities to enhance trade and support development. The volume concludes with a focus on the prospects for the future and the changes needed to make globalization more equitable. With 50 years of professional experience in the World Bank, the WTO and bilateral aid agencies, Michalopoulos brings an insider´s perspective on the workings of these institutions and what needs to be done to make them more effective and responsive to changing global needs.
This enlightening book offers a comprehensive historical analysis of the main development challenges of the last half century and the international communitys response through aid and trade. Much has happened: the oil crises of the 1970s, the debt crises of the 1980s, the break-up of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, the Millennium Development Goals, the onslaught of Globalization and the rise of its opponents since the financial crisis of the 2000s. Through it all, development has spread and global poverty declined. The volume assesses the contributions and coherence of developing and developed country policies and the role played by global institutions entrusted with responsibilities to enhance trade and support development. The volume concludes with a focus on the prospects for the future and the changes needed to make globalization more equitable. With 50 years of professional experience in the World Bank, the WTO and bilateral aid agencies, Michalopoulos brings an insiders perspective on the workings of these institutions and what needs to be done to make them more effective and responsive to changing global needs. Constantine Michalopoulos has been a Visiting Scholar and Adjunct Professor of Economics at the Johns Hopkins University, USA, since 2012. Michalopoulos was for many years an official of the World Bank holding a number of senior positions including Director for Economic Policy and Senior Advisor for Europe and Central Asia. He has also been Chief Economist of the US Agency for International Development, Special Advisor to the World Trade Organization and taught economics at several US universities. Following his retirement from the World Bank he has served as advisor to governments and international organizations including the IMF, the World Bank, UNCTAD, the EU Commission, GTZ and the UK DFID on trade, finance and development. He has written several books and over 100 articles and monographs on these subjects.