Friedrich Gentz, an Opponent of the French Revolution and Napoleon: Paul Friedrich Reiff
Friedrich Gentz, an Opponent of the French Revolution and Napoleon (Classic Reprint): Paul F. Reiff
Friedrich Gentz, an Opponent of the French Revolution and Napoleon (Classic Reprint) ab 11.99 EURO
Friedrich Gentz, an Opponent of the French Revolution and Napoleon ab 23.99 EURO
In the 16th century, corruption, debauchery, and the general perversion of ethics were running rampant within the Roman Catholic Church. The public began to grow leery of the crooked church, and soon, they could no longer bite their tongues. Among the church´s most vocal opponents was Martin Luther, whose publication of the 95 Theses gave rise to the Protestant movement. This reformed brand of Christianity gradually spread throughout Europe, planting flags across the continent. France was among the first to latch onto the movement, and these new-wave Protestants became known as the ´´Huguenots´´. The exact origins of the Huguenot name is still disputed to this day, but most historians have agreed it is a French and German translation of the Swiss-German term, eidgenossen, meaning ´´oath-fellowship´´. The Huguenots mostly resided in the southern regions of France, along with the northern regions of Normandy and Picardy. They shared quite a few similarities with the Protestant Walloons, who lived in what is now Belgium, but the two groups were unique communities. Even so, both groups frequently convened to worship together as refugees. The Huguenots, whose belief system incorporated a blend of unorthodox Waldensian and Calvinist teachings, continued to bloom, which did not sit well with the authorities. Critics attributed the rise of Protestant-led riots to the no-good Huguenots. The Huguenots were known iconoclasts who rejected statues, paintings, idols, and other religious images, as often seen in the numerous statues and stained glass artwork in Catholic churches. Across Europe, rebellious Protestants seized Catholic churches and swiped all heretical images, destroying them with axes and hurling them into roaring bonfires. The string of ambushes included the 1562 Looting of the Churches in Lyon, which were followed by similar attacks in Zurich, Copenhagen, Geneva, and many more. Even in the face of persecution, the Huguenot influence gained m... 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott Clem. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/081957de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The first comparative study of how the French Popular Front and its right-wing opponents transformed the masses into the people, whether in demonstrations and festivals, or theatre and film. Seven chapters examine the representation of the crowd, workers, electorate, nation and symbolic community, exploring parallels between left and right.
The first comparative study of how the French Popular Front and its right-wing opponents transformed the masses into the people, whether in demonstrations and festivals, or theatre and film. Seven chapters examine the representation of the crowd, workers,
In thirteenth-century Florence, Italy, the pro-Papacy Guelphs have re-established supremacy and expelled the pro-imperial Ghibellines following the death of the Ghibelline Manfred, King of Sicily. The triumphant Guelphs await their champion, the French Charles dAnjou, while their opponents await the arrival of young Corradino from Germany with troops sufficient to restore their power. During the victory festival that follows the Ghibelline return, Monna Gegia de Becari, a Guelph partisan, and her husband Cincolo, a Ghibelline, receive a visit from an androgynous Ghibelline named Ricciardo de Rossini, who declares his intention to leave Florence at dusk on a secret mission ... (courtesy of mary-shelley-wikia.com)
Roland is the hero of the world famous French heroic poem, which became an example of a Christian knight. ´´Song of Roland´´ - a classic example of the epic, praising knightly valor, devotion to God and the king, who personified the state. The work narrates about the events during the war of Charlemagne with the Spanish Saracens. It was written several centuries after the battle of 778. Traitor Count Ganelon offers the tsar of Zaragoza Marsilia to attack the rearguard of the army of Charlemagne, setting up an ambush in the Ronseval gorge. As a result of this betrayal, a detachment of Franks led by Breton Count Roland is cut off from Carl´s army and forced to engage in a battle with the multiply superior forces of the opponents.