From classic grilled meat to exotic and savory five-star dishes, pepper has long been the ultimate staple spice. While bulk pepper may be readily stocked in supermarkets and convenience stores today, there was once a time when the common spice was considered one of the most valuable commodities in the world. Merchants tripped over one another to get their hands on the tiny black beads, which live in colorful clusters of berry-like shells reminiscent of Christmas lights. They were so precious that an uncountable number of men crossed the turbulent and uncharted seas for them. In fact, the tropical spice was so highly sought after that blood was shed over the edible gold. To many, the mention of maritime merchants evokes an imagery of growling pirates donned in their stereotypical hats and a colorful parrot perched upon their shoulders. These nautical rascals wander the high seas in search of treasure and adventure. Though that imagery may be inaccurate, the real life companies that once dominated international waters operated on a similar thirst for conquest and riches. Perhaps the most famous – or as many would put it, infamous – of these naval corporations was the Dutch East India Company, also known as VOC. Established around the beginning of the 17th century, this nautical behemoth of a corporation was determined to squeeze everyone else out of the market. Vested with the power to wage war and exterminate any who dared stand in their way, the rest of the world stood by as the unstoppable force took over the whole of international maritime trade. The company would crush its opponents on the way to the top, establishing a monopoly on the global spice trade that would not only rock the world but forever change the course of modern business history. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott Clem. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/074166de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Monitoring communication, profiling suspicious persons, doxxing ones opponents - long before the arrival of the internet, Europes kings were already devising sophisticated systems for spying on their subjects. Letters, in particular, were systematically opened and read. A fascinating excursion into the Secret Cipher Chancellery of the Habsburgs, Louis XIVs Black Chamber, and the first era of total surveillance. Tom Hillenbrand is a German writer. His critically acclaimed scifi thriller Drohnenland deals with mass surveillance. His culinary mystery novels revolve around Xavier Kieffer, chef and accidental detective from Luxembourg. Toms latest book Der Kaffeedieb recounts how the Dutch broke the Ottomans coffee monopoly. The author lives in Munich without any cats.
The World Cup has a mixed history. The grace and glory of international football´s greatest contest has been tainted by some dark incidents - the protests against the rising fascist tide in 1938, the hijacking of the tournament by the Argentinian junta in 1978, the murder of Andrès Escobar, Luis Suárez taking a chunk out of Chiellini´s shoulder. In this definitive guide, every tournament is covered in detail, with line-ups, statistics and tables to guide us right up to Russia 2018. Holt analyses different aspects of the game as it evolved through the decades, from shifts in tempo to changes to the very nature of football. Some common (but incorrect) assumptions are debunked, and familiar controversies are reappraised. Inside you will find in-depth coverage of key games, the real humdingers and the shock results. There are mini bios of heroes, some well-known; others less familiar. And if you want some pure fiction there are Dream Teams for all the major World Cup nations or regions: all-time Dutch World Cup squad anyone? · How did one team lose 8-3 in a group match, before going on to beat the same opponents in a final? · Why do so many more players receive red cards in the modern game? · Whose last-minute goal denied France and Eric Cantona a place in the 1994 Finals? · Which coach took five different teams to five successive World Cup tournaments? And was Pele really that good? Yes, he was. For the rest, you´ll need to read the book.
In 2013, a group of researchers had the unique chance to interview 65 Egyptian Islamists and their opponents both prior to and after Egypts military ousted President Murs? on July 3. Up to that time, Islamists with very different political perspectives were hopeful that they would be able to implement their interpretation of the shar??a and to create a utopian Islamic state. After their failure to achieve political dominance many of them refused to acknowledge the massive resistance to their rule and rejected the subsequent changes in government. A number became involved in militant attacks on police, military and the judiciary. This resulted in harsh government responses. Their criticism has been muted, but they still exist. These interviews document their authentic voices during this period of major political transformation. A must read for anyone who wants to understand contemporary Egypt. Cornelis Hulsman obtained a M.A. in Development Sociology from Leiden University in 1984 and held leading functions in the Dutch emigration service. Hulsman has been living in Egypt since 1994 where, together with his wife, he founded Arab-West Report and the Center for Intercultural Dialogue and Translation in Cairo.